Dictionary of Legal Terms

S-Corporation
A corporation that has chosen to be treated under Subchapter S of...

School Choice
Students who are enrolled in a school that has failed to meet the...

Schooling Certificate
See age certificate....

Search And Seizure
The process of searching for and seizing evidence in a criminal a...

Search Warrant
A warrant (order of a court) commanding a law enforcement officer...

Security Interest
A lien (or charge) on personal property, acquired by a security a...

Self-Incrimination
The act of acknowledging one's guilt during a criminal investigat...

Sentence
The judgment in a criminal case. The sentence follows a guilty pl...

Separation Agreement
A contract entered into between a husband and wife in connection ...

Sequester
To keep separate or apart. In some criminal cases members of the ...

Serious Youthful offender (SYO)
A person under age 18 who has committed a serious criminal offens...

Service Mark
When a word, phrase, logo, symbol, or other device is used by a b...

Service of Process
Notification of a person that he or she has been named a party to...

Severance Pay
A payment or benefit provided by some employers to terminated emp...

Sexual Harassment
In the workplace, any unwelcome, unwanted and/or uninvited sexual...

Share
A portion of ownership interest in a corporation, represented by ...

Shared Parenting
A court-approved plan under which both parents agree as part of a...

Shock Parole
See judicial release. ...

Shock Probation
See judicial release....

Slander
Spoken defamation. Written defamation is libel. See defamation....

Small Claims Court
See small claims division....

Small Claims Division
A division of every municipal court and county court in Ohio. The...

Sole Proprietorship
The simplest form of business organization, combining ownership a...

Sovereign Immunity
The doctrine that a government or governmental agency cannot be s...

Spousal Support
Money or property which the court orders one party to pay for the...

Stare Decisis
Literally, "to stand on decisions." The rule that the decision of...

Statute
In general, a written law adopted by any legislative body, such a...

Statute of Descent And Distribution
In Ohio, a statute that determines how the property of a deceased...

Statute of Frauds
An old English statute, incorporated into the statutes of Ohio an...

Statutes of Limitations
Statutory (written) laws that limit the time within which a civil...

Stipulation
In legal proceedings, formal acknowledgment by the parties that a...

Straight Liquidiation
Term used to describe a "Chapter 7" bankruptcy that is available ...

Strict Liability
1) In tort law, liability imposed without any showing of negligen...

Subchapter S-Corporation
See S-Corporation. ...

Subpoena
Literally, "under punishment." An order issued by a court to a wi...

Summary Judgment
In civil practice, a judgment granted solely on the basis of the ...

Summons
1) In civil practice, an order of the court issued to a defendant...

Supplemental Services Trust
A trust for individuals with mental illness or mental retardation...

Supreme Court
An appellate court of last resort. The Supreme Court of Ohio is t...

Survivorship Tenancy
See joint tenancy....

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This dictionary was developed by the Ohio State Bar Association with funding from the Ohio State Bar Foundation. The information contained in this dictionary is general and should not be applied to specific legal problems without first consulting your own attorney.

Ohio State Bar Association
PO Box 16265
Columbus, OH 43216-6562
(800) 282-6556 or (614) 487-2050
www.ohiobar.org

© 2007 Ohio State Bar Association. All rights reserved. Used with permission.



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