Dictionary of Legal Terms

Pardon
A release from the penalty of an offense; a remission of penalty;...

Parenting Time
Formerly, visitation. When a court terminates a marriage involvin...

Partition
The division of real or personal property interests between or am...

Partnership
A form of business organization similar to a sole proprietorship,...

Patent
A patent is a grant given to an inventor by the U.S. Patent and T...

Payable-On-Death (POD) Account
An account (such as a bank account) owned by one person with the ...

Payday Lenders
Money lenders that make small, short-term, high-rate loans, calle...

Penitentiary
In Ohio, any of several institutions for the imprisonment of pers...

Per Stirpes
Literally, "by roots" or by representation. The term is commonly ...

Peremptory Challenge
The right to have a prospective juror dismissed from a jury witho...

Personal Property
Property other than land or interests in land. Tangible personal ...

Personal Recognizance
A type of bail consisting simply of an accused's written promise ...

Petit Jury
See jury....

Plain Error
An error committed during a trial or other legal proceeding that ...

Plaintiff
The complaining party in a civil action....

Planned Unit Development (PUD)
A housing development in which a homeowners' association administ...

Plat
A map of subdivided land, showing the various lots, the portions ...

Plea
In criminal law, any of four formal responses an accused may give...

Plea Bargaining
In criminal law, pretrial negotiations between the defense and pr...

Pleading
1) In civil practice, any of various written documents designed t...

Post-Conviction Relief Proceeding
A type of proceeding in criminal matters designed as a partial su...

Power of Attorney
A document by which a person (called the principal) authorizes an...

Pre-Sentence Report
A report ordered by a judge in a criminal case for the purpose of...

Pre-Trial Conference
A meeting of the parties, their attorneys, and the judge held bef...

Precedent
1) The reported decision of an appeals court establishing a legal...

Predeceased Beneficiary
A person, named as a beneficiary in a will, who dies before the d...

Prejudicial Error
See plain error, harmless error, court of appeals....

Preliminary Hearing
A type of proceeding held when a person is arrested for a felony....

Preponderance of The Evidence
In a legal proceeding, a measure or degree of proof less than bey...

Prescription
See adverse possession, easement....

Pretermitted Heir
A person born after his or her parent has made a will. In general...

Prevailing Wage Laws
In Ohio, laws that apply to construction projects undertaken by p...

Prima Facie
Literally, "on its face." Evidence is said to be prima facie when...

Priority of Liens
The order in which liens on property are honored and paid. The ge...

Pro Bono
In the legal arena, legal services that are donated to individual...

Pro Hac Vice
For this occasion. Most states will admit an attorney from anothe...

Probable Cause
A measure or degree of proof that is less than preponderance of t...

Probate
1) The administration of an estate under the supervision of the p...

Probate Court
See probate division....

Probate Division
A division of the common pleas court, concerned with wills and th...

Probation
See community control sanctions....

Procedendo
An extraordinary writ, designed to compel a court to proceed in a...

Proceeding In Aid of Execution
In general, any of various proceedings designed to help a judgmen...

Prohibition
An extraordinary writ, designed to prevent a court from proceedin...

Promissory Estoppel
Even though the promise to make a gift cannot usually be enforced...

Promissory Note
A written promise to pay a specified sum of money to a named pers...

Property
Anything capable of being owned. The main classifications of prop...

Prosecuting Attorney
In Ohio, an elected county official who is the attorney for local...

Protected Conduct
See employment at will....

Proximate Cause
1) A principal element of liability in tort cases. Unless the pla...

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This dictionary was developed by the Ohio State Bar Association with funding from the Ohio State Bar Foundation. The information contained in this dictionary is general and should not be applied to specific legal problems without first consulting your own attorney.

Ohio State Bar Association
PO Box 16265
Columbus, OH 43216-6562
(800) 282-6556 or (614) 487-2050
www.ohiobar.org

© 2007 Ohio State Bar Association. All rights reserved. Used with permission.



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