Dictionary of Legal Terms

Capital offense
A felony for which death is a potential penalty....

Cash Bond
A type of bail in which the accused in a criminal case deposits t...

Cause of Action
The legal basis for a lawsuit or a claim....

Certainty
In contract law, the requirement that the parties have a reasonab...

Challenge
1) A request that a prospective juror be dismissed. 2) The right ...

Challenge For Cause
The right to have a prospective juror dismissed for any one of a ...

Change of Venue
In criminal law, a change (from one county to another) in the pla...

Charge
1) The judge's instructions to the jury on its duties, the law in...

Child Abuse
See abused child. ...

Child Caretaker Authorization Affidavit
A document that allows grandparents to exercise parental authorit...

Child Endangerment
An act or omission that exposes a child to psychological, emotion...

Child Neglect
See neglected child. ...

Child Support
Money or property that the court orders a party to pay to care fo...

Circumstantial Evidence
Indirect evidence, that is, evidence that does not directly prove...

Citation
A form of combined complaint and summons that may be used in mino...

Citizen's Arrest
The arrest of an accused without a warrant by any person, upon pr...

Civil Action
1) A lawsuit based on a private wrong (such as a tort). 2) A laws...

Civil Rules
See Rules of Practice and Procedure....

Civil Service Laws
Federal and state civil service laws requiring that employment de...

Clear And Convincing Evidence
An intermediate degree of proof in a legal proceeding. Clear and ...

Closing
The final step in the sale and purchase of real estate, in which ...

Codicil
An amendment to or addition to a will. A codicil must be executed...

Cognovit Note
A promissory note (a written promise to pay money) in which the m...

Collective Bargaining
Negotiations between an employer and a labor union regarding wage...

Commercial Paper
A written document (such as a check or a promissory note) eviden...

Common Law
The body of principles, rules, and forms of procedure that is bas...

Common Pleas Court
In Ohio, the trial court of countywide venue and jurisdiction to ...

Community Control Sanctions
While often called "probation," community control sanctions cover...

Comparative Negligence
In Ohio, the law providing that: 1) where a plaintiff's own negli...

Competence
Generally, the legal ability to act. For example, a contract is n...

Competence To Stand Trial
In criminal law, a requirement for prosecution. No defendant may ...

Complaint
1) In civil procedure, a pleading that is a written statement of ...

Condominium
1) A hybrid form of individual and group ownership of real proper...

Consideration
In contract law, the valuable right, benefit, thing, or promise t...

Consortium
With respect to education law, a consortium consists of various d...

Constitution
The written document that is the fundamental law of a nation or a...

Contempt of Court
Any act or omission calculated to hinder a court in administering...

Contiguous School District
Refers to a school district that geographically touches another s...

Contingent Fee
A lawyer's fee that is dependent (contingent) upon a recovery bei...

Continuance
A postponement of a legal proceeding. In general, continuances ar...

Contract
A legally binding agreement between parties who promise to perfor...

Contributory Negligence
The law providing that, where a plaintiff's own negligence contri...

Conversion
The civil aspect of property theft, which occurs when one person ...

Conveyance
Any written document, such as a deed, lease or mortgage, that tra...

Cookies
In cyberlaw, files stored on a hard drive that a Web site server ...

Copyright
A right that protects the particular fixed expression of an origi...

Corporation
A legal entity, also known as a C-corporation, that is liable for...

Corpus Delicti
Literally, "the body of the crime." In law, corpus delicti means ...

Cosigner
One who signs a promissory note to guarantee its payment by the p...

Counterclaim
1) A claim by a defendant against a plaintiff in a civil lawsuit....

Counteroffer
In contract law, an offer made in response to a previous offer. S...

County Court
In Ohio, a lower trial court that operates only in the areas of a...

Court
1) An institution for resolving legal disputes. 2) A formal term ...

Court of Appeals
In Ohio, an intermediate court having jurisdiction to hear appeal...

Court of Claims
1) In Ohio, a special court with jurisdiction over civil lawsuits...

Court Reporter
A court official responsible for the accurate recording of court ...

Covenant Not To Compete / Non-Compete Agreement
An agreement that prohibits a former employee from working for a ...

Covenants, Conditions And Restrictions (CC &Rs)
Certain restrictions on how real estate may be used. Covenants, ...

Crime
An offense against the public, as well as (usually) against an in...

Criminal Action
A court proceeding involving a crime (a public wrong), in which t...

Criminal Insanity
An affirmative defense to a crime. To establish this defense unde...

Criminal Rules
See Rules of Practice and Procedure....

Cross-Examination
The questioning (examination) of a witness during a legal proceed...

Culpable Mental State
Synonymous with mens rea (guilty mind). Generally, a crime requir...

Cyberlaw
A term that refers to the rules and regulations established by Co...

Cyberpirate
Also known as a cybersquatter. See cybersquatting....

Cybersquatting
In cyberlaw, buying a domain name reflecting the name of a busine...

Back to Top of Page


A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z  
This dictionary was developed by the Ohio State Bar Association with funding from the Ohio State Bar Foundation. The information contained in this dictionary is general and should not be applied to specific legal problems without first consulting your own attorney.

Ohio State Bar Association
PO Box 16265
Columbus, OH 43216-6562
(800) 282-6556 or (614) 487-2050
www.ohiobar.org

© 2007 Ohio State Bar Association. All rights reserved. Used with permission.



Click here to find legal help near you.

To find a civil legal aid provider, call

1.866.LAW.OHIO (1.866.529.6446)



For the hearing impaired:
Use this site to find the local
Ohio legal aid provider in your
area. Then, call the Ohio Relay
Service at 1-800-750-0750 and
ask the service operator to
connect you to the provider
you are trying to call.


The information in this site is
not intended as legal advice.


 

Personal tools