Dictionary of Legal Terms

Abstract of Title
A chronological summary of all official records and recorded docu...

Abuse of Process
The improper use of court process (orders of a court such as a su...

Abused Child
Under Ohio law, a minor (usually defined in the law as a person w...

Acceleration of Payments
The provision in an installment contract under which all unpaid i...

Acceptance
In contract law, the acceptance of an offer, consisting of some o...

Accident Report
The written report of a traffic accident. Aside from whatever rep...

Accretion
1) In real property, the increase or decrease in the acreage of a...

Actus Reus
Literally, "guilty act." Generally, no crime occurs unless a guil...

Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP)
A school accountability system under the No Child Left Behind Act...

Administrative Law
Written rules adopted by various government agencies (such as the...

Administrator
In probate law, a person appointed by the probate court to settle...

Adult
For most purposes under Ohio law, a person age 18 or older....

Advance Directive
A document that conveys an individual's wishes about medical or e...

Adversary System
An approach to law in which a trial is viewed as a contest betwee...

Adverse Possession
The transfer of title of real property from its original owner to...

Affirmative Defense
1) In criminal law, a defense the facts of which are peculiarly w...

Age Certificate
Allows a student to work if that student has attended school with...

Agent
One who acts for another. In employment law, an agent is similar...

Alibi
Literally, in another place. As used by a person accused or suspe...

Alimony
See spousal support. ...

Annual Percentage Rate (APR)
The cost of credit expressed as a yearly percentage rate. The APR...

Annulment
A legal declaration that a marriage is void, that is, to declare ...

Answer
In civil law, an official document filed with the court in which ...

Appeal
A procedure in which a party to a legal proceeding asks a higher ...

Appellant
The party who appeals the judgment or final order of a court or a...

Appellee
The party against whom an appeal is taken....

Arbitration
A dispute resolution process in which evidence is presented to on...

Arraignment
In criminal procedure, the process of bringing the accused into o...

Arrest
The process of placing a person in legal custody or otherwise leg...

Assault
The criminal act of threatening or actually inflicting physical i...

Assumption of Risk
In tort law, one of the defenses to a lawsuit based on negligence...

Attorney-In-Fact
Someone specifically named by a person in a written power of atto...

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This dictionary was developed by the Ohio State Bar Association with funding from the Ohio State Bar Foundation. The information contained in this dictionary is general and should not be applied to specific legal problems without first consulting your own attorney.

Ohio State Bar Association
PO Box 16265
Columbus, OH 43216-6562
(800) 282-6556 or (614) 487-2050
www.ohiobar.org

© 2007 Ohio State Bar Association. All rights reserved. Used with permission.



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